Huntington Family Dental Group
534 Shelton Ave, Shelton, CT 06484

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Great place, great people! Choice of rinse flavors!
Cliff C.
We have been patients at Huntington Family Dental for a long time. The doctors are very skilled and highly credentialed and attentive to their patients by delivering excellent care. The staff is […]
Diane C.
Had an infected molar removed. An unpleasant experience at best, but it went quite well, all things considered.
Richard A.
I came for my first visit frantic upon losing my crown. My regular dentist was unavailable so I was referred to Huntington Dental Group. The staff took a stressful situation and brought me ease and […]
Brittany M.
I love it here everyone treated me very well
Ronte B.
I have been going to Huntington Family Dental for 36 years now. This is the very best dental office in the state. I highly recommend this dental office.
Diane K.
To much good stuff to say about this group… no longer do I say I hate going to the dentist. Last dental group I went to wanted to was quick to recommend an expensive solution… Huntington […]
Mickey B.
Excellent service, pleasant experience and great cleaning; thank you Maria! Enjoyed meeting your new Doctor. She is knowledgeable and thorough.
Carla R.
My hygenist today was Angela. She was professional; she listened to my concerns conveyed them to Dr. Greg, and he was able to make recommendations based on his exam and her input. They worked well as […]
Robin B.
I’ve avoided the dentist for quite a few years and finally made an appointment with Huntington Family Dental Group. I am so glad I found them…they have taken away my fear of the dentist! […]
Erin S.
My family and I have been going to HFD for almost 10 years now and we love it. The staff is super friendly, thanks to my favorite Hygentists, Maria and Alisha. Also, Chantelle who handles the […]
Johnathon M.
U guys r the best!Thank u so much!
Iveta S.
Dr Sal is the best! Always a good experience and great results. Dental hygienist Laura was awesome, too.
Sanna-Maria J.
Awesome as usual
William B.
Thanks to Maria–a great hygienist! And my congratulations to the staff for hiring the new Indian physician who examined me, very professional, and friendly. I was even able to share with her […]
Stephen T.
What a GREAT dentist office. The best staff you could ask for!! They always have the latest and greatest technology!! I have been coming here for about 7 years now – and I love it! It’s […]
Mark T.
Greeted by Laura in the waiting room. Had Maria for a thorough cleaning. Exam from Dr. Sal. Insurance and fee discussion with Marie and Francesca. From start to finish, the experience was warm and […]
Paul M.
We’ve been going to Huntington Family Dental since we moved to Shelton 8 years ago, and we love them so much that we plan to continue using them even though we’re moving to Monroe soon. […]
Jennifer T.
Great dental experience. Everyone here is so friendly and makes you feel at ease all the time. I definitely recommend this dental group. Dr Sal is the best.
Linda T.
Fabulous! I was so anxious about my oral surgery yesterday and was very impressed with the chairside manner and skills of Dr. Art Adams! He and his team were angels sent from above! He called me last […]
Maryjane P.
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