Huntington Family Dental Group
534 Shelton Ave, Shelton, CT 06484

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Fabulous! I was so anxious about my oral surgery yesterday and was very impressed with the chairside manner and skills of Dr. Art Adams! He and his team were angels sent from above! He called me last […]
Maryjane P.
Maria was great as usual. Look forward to next cleaning. A++++
Russell M.
Everyone at Huntington Family Dental treats you like family. Talk about a place making you feel comfortable and valued!
Kelly R.
Dr Sal is the best! Always a good experience and great results. Dental hygienist Laura was awesome, too.
Sanna-Maria J.
Great service a very courteous and professional staff
Thomas M.
After neglecting dental visits for years due to chronic pain from degenerative disc disease and fear I somehow found HFDG and its been the best dental experience of my life for the last 5 years. Top […]
Garry W.
I love it here everyone treated me very well
Ronte B.
Maribel and Dr. Sal were the most pleasant, thorough, and best experience I’ve ever had at any doctor visit. Maribel made me feel very comfortable with my first time visit and thankful that I […]
Anna A.
I had a very thorough dental cleaning with maribel. Everyone was very professional and courteous. Thank you for another great experience!
Monica M.
We’ve been going to Huntington Family Dental since we moved to Shelton 8 years ago, and we love them so much that we plan to continue using them even though we’re moving to Monroe soon. We’ve […]
Jennifer T.
The staff there is wonderful!
Leonard H.
LOVE Huntington Family Dental. I started going to them about two years ago, but hadn’t been to the dentist in quite a while because of some really horrible past experiences. I was incredibly […]
K W.
Greeted by Laura in the waiting room. Had Maria for a thorough cleaning. Exam from Dr. Sal. Insurance and fee discussion with Marie and Francesca. From start to finish, the experience was warm and […]
Paul M.
Excellent service, pleasant experience and great cleaning; thank you Maria! Enjoyed meeting your new Doctor. She is knowledgeable and thorough.
Carla R.
Always a great time for me! LOL – I actually look forward to my visits. I try to maintain the same hygienist, as that allows a continuity of care, and I have to say, my hygienist is fantastic!
Michael K.
The HFDG is one of the best things in Huntington. They are compassionate, professional and always on the leading edge of what’s new and what’s best. Dr. Sal has been my dentist for more years […]
A U.
I’ve avoided the dentist for quite a few years and finally made an appointment with Huntington Family Dental Group. I am so glad I found them…they have taken away my fear of the dentist! They […]
Erin S.
Appointment to treat an unexpected cavity starting on a tooth holding an anchor post for my upper denture. Appointment started on time. As always, Dr. Sal and his staff provided top notch treatment […]
John W.
Super friendly staff; highly recommended for people with fear of dentists…like me :)
Naeem U.
Less than 5 minute wait time, Maria is always so friendly and happy. She really helps put you at ease. Met one of the new females dentist who recently joined the practice and she was extremely nice […]
Susan D.
Office Hours
Mon. – 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Tue. – 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Wed. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Thu. – 7:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Sat. – 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Sun. – Closed

Select Saturdays

Phone: (203) 697-8694
Fax: (203) 929-7619
Healthcare Financing with
CareCredit
Dental Insurance Providers
Learn More

We will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here

For appointments, call us at: (203) 697-8694 or
Request an Appointment
For appointments, call: (203) 697-8694
Office Hours
  • Monday 9:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Wednesday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 7:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
  • Saturday 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
  • Sunday Closed
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (203) 697-8694
Our Location